Matter in Our Surroundings : Introduction



  • Anything which occupies space and has mass is called Matter. For example : Air and water, sugar and sand, hydrogen and oxygen etc.
  • Ancient Indian philosophers said that all the matter, living or non-living was made up of five basic elements (panchtatva): air, earth, fire, sky and water.
  • Modern day scientists classify matter in two ways: on the basis of its Physical Properties and on the basis of its Chemical Properties.
  • On the basis of Physical properties, Matter is classified as: (i) solids (ii) Liquids  (iii) Gases
  • On the basis of Chemical Properties, Matter is classified as:  (i) Elements (ii) Compounds (iii) Mixtures



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Matter in Our Surroundings : Physical Nature of Matter


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